Know Your Cannabinoids: What Are THC and CBD?

Medical marijuana is freshly legal in Missouri. This presents an optimistic future for many, with more options to treat pain, nausea and other health problems. However, there’s a lot to learn and a lot to know. Education is the key to understanding what products could be right for you.

Brush up on your knowledge here, and then keep in mind that there’s always friendly and very knowledgeable help available at your local dispensary. A budtender at your dispensary can undoubtedly answer your basic questions, such as what are THC and CBD? And then could also answer more complex questions about which products are best tailored to your individual situation.

First, A Word About the Endocannabinoid System

The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is composed of receptors throughout the body that help the bodily systems achieve homeostasis, or balance. The ECS was discovered when scientists were trying to find why cannabis could have a positive effect on so many different systems of the body. Cannabinoids like THC and CBD bind with the receptors of our ECS and can help in myriad ways.

THC and CBD have the same molecular structure, just arranged a little differently. This explains why the two compounds have different effects on your body. Because THC and CBD are chemically similar to the body’s endocannabinoids, they can interact with our cannabinoid receptors.

Neurotransmitters are chemicals that relay messages between cells. The interaction between THC and CBD with your receptors affects the neurotransmitters. This, in turn, can affect many systems of the body -- monitoring pain, immunities, stress and sleep.

Building Knowledge

We learn more and more amazing facts about the human body every day. For example, the endocannabinoid system is a recent discovery that will help unlock more new treatments that will improve the health of so many people.

There’s a lot of information about THC and CBD treatments out there. You might be asking yourself -- what should a new user do to help digest all the information? Reading this article is a significant first step. When you have basic questions – like what are THC and CBD? –you can always count on this blog to help you navigate the whole new world of MMJ. You can also always count on your Clovr Dispensary budtender.


THC could be the part of cannabis you’ve heard the most about because of the psychoactive component – THC provides the “high” that marijuana is famous for. However, since marijuana has been illegal for a long time, most of us just don’t have experience with it.

The portrayals in films such as Cheech and Chong’s, or The Pineapple Express, are funny but don’t really reflect how legally available THC is used nowadays.

THC (also known by its scientific name: tetrahydrocannabinol) is one of the natural compounds found in cannabis. THC binds with cannabinoid 1 (CB1) receptors in the brain to produce the sensation of being high. More recently, THC has been formulated to help people in non-recreational ways.

THC can help with the following conditions:

  • Pain

  • Nausea

  • Anxiety

  • Glaucoma

  • Low appetite

  • Insomnia

  • Muscle spasticity

You can consume TCH by smoking marijuana, but also through edibles, oils, tinctures and capsules.

With legalization increasing throughout the country (and potentially on the federal level), scientists and researchers will be able to devote more time and resources to research even more ways THC are beneficial.


CBD (cannabidiol) is another compound found in cannabis, and CBD does NOT have the psychoactive effects that THC does. CBD was recently (2018) approved by the FDA for rare and hard to treat forms of epilepsy. CBD binds weakly to the CB1 receptors, but it does help calm some of the psychoactive effects of THC.

CBD can be used to treat:

  • Pain

  • Nausea

  • Depression

  • Anxiety

  • Migraines

  • IBS

  • Seizures

  • Mental disorders

  • Inflammation

CBD products are available in gummies, gels, supplements, oils, tinctures and extracts - as well as actual weed, flower and bud.

Navigation of New Information

Our goal with this new blog is to help new medical marijuana users and patients navigate the plethora of information. Of course, your budtender at your local Clovr Dispensary is the best source of knowledge to meet your needs.

Lists are great, but no one list of the benefits of THC and/or CBD - or any component of cannabis for that matter - can cover all medical marijuana patients’ unique conditions and needs. Therefore, it’s always best to ask your budtender at your Clovr Dispensary (or dispensary nearest you). No post or web article can convey the passion for these benefits like a real person who likely is also a patient.

People with real experience using medical marijuana are the best resource in the world about how products containing THC or CBD can help with real pain and actual health problems.

Individual Concerns, Specific Answers

We know that health concerns are deeply personal. Your questions need to be very specific to find products that can address your particular concerns. Questions like -- How long does this product take to take effect? What are the potential side effects? How might this product interact with my other medications? – deserve good answers.

Don't worry - your budtender will be able to help you with these questions and more. Clovr Dispensary's staff are highly trained and are always up-to-date on the latest trends and developments in all-things medical and recreation marijuana. They will listen and understand, and most important draw from personal experience and knowledge will help you find the answers you're looking for!

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